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Anubis vs Ptah: A Mythological Comparison in Egyptian Deities

Published by Zain ul Abideen

In the rich and varied world of Egyptian mythology, gods and goddesses hold dominion over different aspects of existence. This exploration juxtaposes Anubis, the god of mummification and the afterlife, with Ptah, the god of craftsmen, creators, and architects. These two deities, integral to the Egyptian pantheon, represent diverse facets of ancient Egyptian religion and culture.

Comparative Table

DomainMummification, Afterlife, EmbalmingCraftsmen, Creators, Architects
SymbolsJackal, FlailStaff, Ankh, Djed Pillar
RepresentationMan with the head of a jackalMummified man, holding a staff
Famous MythsGuardian of the Scales, Embalmer of OsirisCreator of the world in Memphis theology
PowersProtection of graves, guiding souls, embalmingCreation, craftsmanship, giving life to things
FamilySon of Osiris and Nephthys (or Set and Nephthys in some accounts)Often considered self-created, associated with Sekhmet and Nefertum
Cult CenterCynopolisMemphis
Anubis vs Ptah

Who Would Win in a Fight: Anubis or Ptah?

In a hypothetical clash between Anubis and Ptah, we must consider their distinct roles and powers. Anubis, as the god of mummification and the afterlife, has skills associated with protection, guidance, and ceremonial rites related to death. Ptah, on the other hand, is revered as a creator god, a patron of craftsmen, and an entity involved in the creation and shaping of the world and objects.

In this scenario, Ptah’s creative and life-giving abilities could give him an advantage. As a creator deity, Ptah holds the power of creation and bringing things into being, which extends beyond mere physical craftsmanship to the very essence of life and the world. His role as a creator could enable him to manipulate the environment or even the nature of the confrontation itself.

Anubis, while powerful in his domain of the afterlife, primarily deals with the dead and the processes surrounding death. His powers are significant within the context of funerary rites and guiding souls but may not provide him with the necessary tools to overpower a god whose sphere includes the act of creation itself.

Ratings for Anubis and Ptah


  1. Protective Ability: 9/10
  2. Influence in Myths: 7/10
  3. Cultural Impact: 8/10


  1. Creative Power: 10/10
  2. Role in Myths: 8/10
  3. Influence on Civilization: 9/10


The contrast between Anubis and Ptah illuminates the diverse nature of Egyptian mythology. Anubis, associated with the afterlife and mummification, represents aspects of death and protection, while Ptah, as a god of creation and craftsmanship, symbolizes creation, life, and the foundation of civilization. In a mythical confrontation, Ptah’s overarching power of creation and life could likely give him an edge over Anubis’s more specialized role in death and the afterlife. This analysis not only highlights their unique attributes but also demonstrates the rich and complex nature of ancient Egyptian religious beliefs and practices.

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